Ah, the world of software development!
Whether you are fully immersed or simply testing the waters, it can be tough to decide on which new coding language to learn. There are hundreds of different programming languages out there, and each have their advantages and drawbacks.
Therefore, the choice of which languages to master will depend on the programmer. They need to focus on the goals they are aiming to reach by taking up this new skill. For instance, if you want to work in the Boston web design industry, you should find out what coding languages they are using.
Still, GitHub – which is fondly termed “Facebook for programmers” – has graciously done some research to help steer you in the right direction. They’ve released a list of the 10 top programming languages of 2018. This is a good place to start in your decision-making process, especially, if you are a beginner.
Here’s a little insight on the most popular coding languages and how to choose the best ones for you.
GitHub: “Facebook for Programmers”
For those who don’t know; GitHub is a platform to which over 28 million users are connected. 5.2 million of those users are web developers and organizations that use the cloud-based hub to store, modify and otherwise manage code.
As such, it is also a valuable resource for tracking trends in the software development world. Thus, their list is a reputable guide for anyone looking to acquire relevant skills. Worth mentioning, these popular programming languages are pioneering the future of the digital landscape. While some are used to create stellar websites, other are used to propel awe-inspiring new aged technology.
These languages have contributed to the most respected systems on the web like Google, Facebook, WordPress, Yahoo and many more. So, without further ado, consider these Top 10 programming languages of the future.
Here is a quick overview of each:
Here are some of the reasons why developers love it.
- Important for front end web development
- May be used in server-side scripting
- Easy for beginners to learn
- Helps create interactive websites
- Used by 94.9% of websites on the internet
- Can build cross-platform mobile applications
Considering that it’s one of the most widely used programming languages, Java is worth learning. It has remained a staple in the coding industry for 20+ years. Programmers like Java because it is stable and dependable. Not to mention it is often used in conjunction with other development languages. Other uses include:
- Mainly for programming on the backend of a website
- Used to create android apps, desktop applications, cloud-based services, video games and more
- Provides a smooth transition into lots of other coding languages
- There are lots of Java based applications and frameworks give it much more power
- Involved in creating awesome modern-day tech like AI or self-driving cars
Because of how popular Java is, there is no limit to the things that can be achieved using this language. Furthermore, because it’s easy to use, it can help you easily pick up on other more complex languages.
Python is one of the easiest languages for beginners to learn, yet it does amazing things. This is a great place to start if you plan to be a backend developer. And because it’s high level, it requires less maintenance. Some strong points are:
- This language is growing rapidly, so there is much to look forward to from it in the future.
- The syntax is very easy to understand and very similar to English
- Applications and other technologies allow the language to be more versatile and feature rich
- Used in progressive field like sciences, math and engineering
- Contributes to machine learning, data analysis, image processing and more
- Pioneers the way from technological advancements in the future
- Python programmers are hired at a higher pay rate than other types of programmers.
While this language is pushing the new waves of the future, there are some outdated languages that remain consistently relevant.
- Helps power 83% of websites
- It interacts with databases and handles functions that HTML can’t perform
- It’s easy to learn and gets things done efficiently
- Enhances web pages with interactivity
- Has many frameworks to help make application building quick and easy
- Fordata collection and analysis, creating cookies and backend development
Again, PHP is usually not a beginner’s choice, but it’s nice to have this skill in your back pocket. Meanwhile, the C family are programming languages with a lot of popularity.
Though not necessarily an easy language for beginners to master, C++ is worth it. This is used as a core language in lots of different operating systems, games and browsers. Here’s what else it does:
- Useful for creating computer graphics, video games and virtual reality.
- Also used in creating client server applications, firmware, and drivers.
- Utilize for programs that involve a lot of complex mathematics
- Useful for high performing applications
- Important component in creating virtual reality experiences.
Still, before you try your hand at C++ try out one of the more user-friendly versions in the C group. Once you ease yourself into it, you continue onto the more complex coding languages. For beginners, try out C# first.
6. C# (C-Sharp)
This relatively easy programming language was created by Microsoft for .net websites. It has lots of similarities to Java with less restrictions. This can be a very easy language to learn and use, especially when you utilize some of its many software libraries. Check out these other points:
- Object-oriented language from Microsoft, designed to run on the .net platform
- Versatile and Compatible across every platform
- Used for building desktop applications, mobile apps, developing video games,
- Helpful with data structures and algorithms
- Can be written in any editor
Closely related to C++ and C# is just plain C, but more on that later. Next on the list is Typescript language.
This free, open source programming language is another one of Microsoft’s creations. Coming from the same creator of C# you’ll notice that they have a lot of the same benefits.
- Can be used in front and backend development
- Prevents bugs
- Able to support large applications
- Gaining popularity, moved from number 11 (2017) to number 7 (2018) on the GitHub list
- Typescript is incredibly convenient and versatile code. Add it to your knowledge base if possible. It is easy to translate for other purpose.
Shell coding is comprised of various scripting language dialects. You can use it can add text, run a program and transform files. This language is often used to carry out minor tasks in a quick and efficient ways. Often when you know another language, such as python, you’ll have an easy time with this. Here’s what it does:
- Instructs the operating system
- Execute commands
- Used for system administrators
- Builds high level applications
- Compatible across multiple systems
- Can schedule daily maintenance tasks
You don’t hear much about shell, but according to GitHub, it’s a lot more popular than one would think. Still, it’s not recommended for people just learning how to code.
This member of the C family is very common with web development and is one of most popular coding languages of all time. This scripting program has had big influences on other popular coding languages like Java. In fact, it is often regarding as the first language that was capable of high-level programming. Not to mention:
- Unlike C++ it’s more user friendly and easier to learn.
- Some would say this language is fun to write
- It is capable of both low and high-level coding
- Not object oriented
- Has a great library to make it more powerful and useful.
- Compact and super-fast
This is great for new software developers in training. C is a basic language that every programmer should know. It has paved the way for other programing languages like Ruby.
This scripting language is very commonly used. Still, people turn to ruby as a fun and super easy way to get into programming.
- Dynamic typing that helps guide smooth transitions.
- Has a very helpful and welcoming community for guidance
- It’s known for being ultra-simple and user friendly
- Very clear and straightforward syntax
- An open source coding
There are other benefits to using ruby, too numerous to mention. So, take some time to conduct further research as Ruby is great for beginners.
After addressing the above top 10 coding languages, it’s best to mention what points to consider when choosing a coding language.
Choosing A Programming Language
After seeing all the options available, you may be wondering: “How many coding languages should I learn?” In truth, there is no definitive answer to that question. You should learn the skills necessary to execute the ideas you have in mind.
The more coding languages you learn, the greater your options. However, they are not something you can pick up and master overnight, be aware that it takes time.
Still, here are some pointers to help you narrow down your learning path for now.
- Take note of new technologies that are rising and trending in your preferred industry, see what types of languages they are using to achieve this.
- Consider your goals. What kind of programs do you want to develop? Now research which codes will best help you achieve them
- Think about your background academically. How strong are your math and science skills? Are you more of a creative or calculative person?
- Do you work better with flexible languages, or do you need the discipline of the more rigid programming?
- Do you like front end design better or the inner workings of the backend?
Have patience and take your time to learn the right type of programming that works best for your goals. Do as much research as it takes, and don’t be afraid to venture into the unknown. Hopefully this article was helpful for you! For more information or guidance, you can turn to the Boston Web Design experts at any time.